hashcat

Description

hashcat is the world’s fastest and most advanced password recovery tool.

This version combines the previous CPU-based hashcat (now called hashcat-legacy) and GPU-based oclHashcat.

Hashcat is released as open source software under the MIT license.

Current Version

Current version is 6.1.1.

Resources

Screenshot

Background

Information about previous versions of hashcat:

Options

Usage: hashcat [options]... hash|hashfile|hccapxfile [dictionary|mask|directory]...

- [ Options ] -

 Options Short / Long           | Type | Description                                          | Example
================================+======+======================================================+=======================
 -m, --hash-type                | Num  | Hash-type, see references below                      | -m 1000
 -a, --attack-mode              | Num  | Attack-mode, see references below                    | -a 3
 -V, --version                  |      | Print version                                        |
 -h, --help                     |      | Print help                                           |
     --quiet                    |      | Suppress output                                      |
     --hex-charset              |      | Assume charset is given in hex                       |
     --hex-salt                 |      | Assume salt is given in hex                          |
     --hex-wordlist             |      | Assume words in wordlist are given in hex            |
     --force                    |      | Ignore warnings                                      |
     --status                   |      | Enable automatic update of the status screen         |
     --status-json              |      | Enable JSON format for status ouput                  |
     --status-timer             | Num  | Sets seconds between status screen updates to X      | --status-timer=1
     --stdin-timeout-abort      | Num  | Abort if there is no input from stdin for X seconds  | --stdin-timeout-abort=300
     --machine-readable         |      | Display the status view in a machine-readable format |
     --keep-guessing            |      | Keep guessing the hash after it has been cracked     |
     --self-test-disable        |      | Disable self-test functionality on startup           |
     --loopback                 |      | Add new plains to induct directory                   |
     --markov-hcstat2           | File | Specify hcstat2 file to use                          | --markov-hcstat2=my.hcstat2
     --markov-disable           |      | Disables markov-chains, emulates classic brute-force |
     --markov-classic           |      | Enables classic markov-chains, no per-position       |
 -t, --markov-threshold         | Num  | Threshold X when to stop accepting new markov-chains | -t 50
     --runtime                  | Num  | Abort session after X seconds of runtime             | --runtime=10
     --session                  | Str  | Define specific session name                         | --session=mysession
     --restore                  |      | Restore session from --session                       |
     --restore-disable          |      | Do not write restore file                            |
     --restore-file-path        | File | Specific path to restore file                        | --restore-file-path=x.restore
 -o, --outfile                  | File | Define outfile for recovered hash                    | -o outfile.txt
     --outfile-format           | Str  | Outfile format to use, separated with commas         | --outfile-format=1,3
     --outfile-autohex-disable  |      | Disable the use of $HEX[] in output plains           |
     --outfile-check-timer      | Num  | Sets seconds between outfile checks to X             | --outfile-check=30
     --wordlist-autohex-disable |      | Disable the conversion of $HEX[] from the wordlist   |
 -p, --separator                | Char | Separator char for hashlists and outfile             | -p :
     --stdout                   |      | Do not crack a hash, instead print candidates only   |
     --show                     |      | Compare hashlist with potfile; show cracked hashes   |
     --left                     |      | Compare hashlist with potfile; show uncracked hashes |
     --username                 |      | Enable ignoring of usernames in hashfile             |
     --remove                   |      | Enable removal of hashes once they are cracked       |
     --remove-timer             | Num  | Update input hash file each X seconds                | --remove-timer=30
     --potfile-disable          |      | Do not write potfile                                 |
     --potfile-path             | File | Specific path to potfile                             | --potfile-path=my.pot
     --encoding-from            | Code | Force internal wordlist encoding from X              | --encoding-from=iso-8859-15
     --encoding-to              | Code | Force internal wordlist encoding to X                | --encoding-to=utf-32le
     --debug-mode               | Num  | Defines the debug mode (hybrid only by using rules)  | --debug-mode=4
     --debug-file               | File | Output file for debugging rules                      | --debug-file=good.log
     --induction-dir            | Dir  | Specify the induction directory to use for loopback  | --induction=inducts
     --outfile-check-dir        | Dir  | Specify the outfile directory to monitor for plains  | --outfile-check-dir=x
     --logfile-disable          |      | Disable the logfile                                  |
     --hccapx-message-pair      | Num  | Load only message pairs from hccapx matching X       | --hccapx-message-pair=2
     --nonce-error-corrections  | Num  | The BF size range to replace AP's nonce last bytes   | --nonce-error-corrections=16
     --keyboard-layout-mapping  | File | Keyboard layout mapping table for special hash-modes | --keyb=german.hckmap
     --truecrypt-keyfiles       | File | Keyfiles to use, separated with commas               | --truecrypt-keyf=x.png
     --veracrypt-keyfiles       | File | Keyfiles to use, separated with commas               | --veracrypt-keyf=x.txt
     --veracrypt-pim-start      | Num  | VeraCrypt personal iterations multiplier start       | --veracrypt-pim-start=450
     --veracrypt-pim-stop       | Num  | VeraCrypt personal iterations multiplier stop        | --veracrypt-pim-stop=500
 -b, --benchmark                |      | Run benchmark of selected hash-modes                 |
     --benchmark-all            |      | Run benchmark of all hash-modes (requires -b)        |
     --speed-only               |      | Return expected speed of the attack, then quit       |
     --progress-only            |      | Return ideal progress step size and time to process  |
 -c, --segment-size             | Num  | Sets size in MB to cache from the wordfile to X      | -c 32
     --bitmap-min               | Num  | Sets minimum bits allowed for bitmaps to X           | --bitmap-min=24
     --bitmap-max               | Num  | Sets maximum bits allowed for bitmaps to X           | --bitmap-max=24
     --cpu-affinity             | Str  | Locks to CPU devices, separated with commas          | --cpu-affinity=1,2,3
     --hook-threads             | Num  | Sets number of threads for a hook (per compute unit) | --hook-threads=8
     --example-hashes           |      | Show an example hash for each hash-mode              |
     --backend-ignore-cuda      |      | Do not try to open CUDA interface on startup         |
     --backend-ignore-opencl    |      | Do not try to open OpenCL interface on startup       |
 -I, --backend-info             |      | Show info about detected backend API devices         | -I
 -d, --backend-devices          | Str  | Backend devices to use, separated with commas        | -d 1
 -D, --opencl-device-types      | Str  | OpenCL device-types to use, separated with commas    | -D 1
 -O, --optimized-kernel-enable  |      | Enable optimized kernels (limits password length)    |
 -w, --workload-profile         | Num  | Enable a specific workload profile, see pool below   | -w 3
 -n, --kernel-accel             | Num  | Manual workload tuning, set outerloop step size to X | -n 64
 -u, --kernel-loops             | Num  | Manual workload tuning, set innerloop step size to X | -u 256
 -T, --kernel-threads           | Num  | Manual workload tuning, set thread count to X        | -T 64
     --backend-vector-width     | Num  | Manually override backend vector-width to X          | --backend-vector=4
     --spin-damp                | Num  | Use CPU for device synchronization, in percent       | --spin-damp=10
     --hwmon-disable            |      | Disable temperature and fanspeed reads and triggers  |
     --hwmon-temp-abort         | Num  | Abort if temperature reaches X degrees Celsius       | --hwmon-temp-abort=100
     --scrypt-tmto              | Num  | Manually override TMTO value for scrypt to X         | --scrypt-tmto=3
 -s, --skip                     | Num  | Skip X words from the start                          | -s 1000000
 -l, --limit                    | Num  | Limit X words from the start + skipped words         | -l 1000000
     --keyspace                 |      | Show keyspace base:mod values and quit               |
 -j, --rule-left                | Rule | Single rule applied to each word from left wordlist  | -j 'c'
 -k, --rule-right               | Rule | Single rule applied to each word from right wordlist | -k '^-'
 -r, --rules-file               | File | Multiple rules applied to each word from wordlists   | -r rules/best64.rule
 -g, --generate-rules           | Num  | Generate X random rules                              | -g 10000
     --generate-rules-func-min  | Num  | Force min X functions per rule                       |
     --generate-rules-func-max  | Num  | Force max X functions per rule                       |
     --generate-rules-seed      | Num  | Force RNG seed set to X                              |
 -1, --custom-charset1          | CS   | User-defined charset ?1                              | -1 ?l?d?u
 -2, --custom-charset2          | CS   | User-defined charset ?2                              | -2 ?l?d?s
 -3, --custom-charset3          | CS   | User-defined charset ?3                              |
 -4, --custom-charset4          | CS   | User-defined charset ?4                              |
 -i, --increment                |      | Enable mask increment mode                           |
     --increment-min            | Num  | Start mask incrementing at X                         | --increment-min=4
     --increment-max            | Num  | Stop mask incrementing at X                          | --increment-max=8
 -S, --slow-candidates          |      | Enable slower (but advanced) candidate generators    |
     --brain-server             |      | Enable brain server                                  |
     --brain-server-timer       | Num  | Update the brain server dump each X seconds (min:60) | --brain-server-timer=300
 -z, --brain-client             |      | Enable brain client, activates -S                    |
     --brain-client-features    | Num  | Define brain client features, see below              | --brain-client-features=3
     --brain-host               | Str  | Brain server host (IP or domain)                     | --brain-host=127.0.0.1
     --brain-port               | Port | Brain server port                                    | --brain-port=13743
     --brain-password           | Str  | Brain server authentication password                 | --brain-password=bZfhCvGUSjRq
     --brain-session            | Hex  | Overrides automatically calculated brain session     | --brain-session=0x2ae611db
     --brain-session-whitelist  | Hex  | Allow given sessions only, separated with commas     | --brain-session-whitelist=0x2ae611db

- [ Hash modes ] -

      # | Name                                             | Category
  ======+==================================================+======================================
    900 | MD4                                              | Raw Hash
      0 | MD5                                              | Raw Hash
    100 | SHA1                                             | Raw Hash
   1300 | SHA2-224                                         | Raw Hash
   1400 | SHA2-256                                         | Raw Hash
  10800 | SHA2-384                                         | Raw Hash
   1700 | SHA2-512                                         | Raw Hash
  17300 | SHA3-224                                         | Raw Hash
  17400 | SHA3-256                                         | Raw Hash
  17500 | SHA3-384                                         | Raw Hash
  17600 | SHA3-512                                         | Raw Hash
   6000 | RIPEMD-160                                       | Raw Hash
    600 | BLAKE2b-512                                      | Raw Hash
  11700 | GOST R 34.11-2012 (Streebog) 256-bit, big-endian | Raw Hash
  11800 | GOST R 34.11-2012 (Streebog) 512-bit, big-endian | Raw Hash
   6900 | GOST R 34.11-94                                  | Raw Hash
   5100 | Half MD5                                         | Raw Hash
  18700 | Java Object hashCode()                           | Raw Hash
  17700 | Keccak-224                                       | Raw Hash
  17800 | Keccak-256                                       | Raw Hash
  17900 | Keccak-384                                       | Raw Hash
  18000 | Keccak-512                                       | Raw Hash
  21400 | sha256(sha256_bin($pass))                        | Raw Hash
   6100 | Whirlpool                                        | Raw Hash
  10100 | SipHash                                          | Raw Hash
  21000 | BitShares v0.x - sha512(sha512_bin(pass))        | Raw Hash
     10 | md5($pass.$salt)                                 | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
     20 | md5($salt.$pass)                                 | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   3800 | md5($salt.$pass.$salt)                           | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   3710 | md5($salt.md5($pass))                            | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4110 | md5($salt.md5($pass.$salt))                      | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4010 | md5($salt.md5($salt.$pass))                      | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
  21300 | md5($salt.sha1($salt.$pass))                     | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
     40 | md5($salt.utf16le($pass))                        | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   2600 | md5(md5($pass))                                  | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   3910 | md5(md5($pass).md5($salt))                       | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4400 | md5(sha1($pass))                                 | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
  20900 | md5(sha1($pass).md5($pass).sha1($pass))          | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
  21200 | md5(sha1($salt).md5($pass))                      | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4300 | md5(strtoupper(md5($pass)))                      | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
     30 | md5(utf16le($pass).$salt)                        | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
    110 | sha1($pass.$salt)                                | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
    120 | sha1($salt.$pass)                                | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4900 | sha1($salt.$pass.$salt)                          | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4520 | sha1($salt.sha1($pass))                          | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
    140 | sha1($salt.utf16le($pass))                       | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
  19300 | sha1($salt1.$pass.$salt2)                        | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
  14400 | sha1(CX)                                         | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4700 | sha1(md5($pass))                                 | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4710 | sha1(md5($pass).$salt)                           | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
  21100 | sha1(md5($pass.$salt))                           | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
  18500 | sha1(md5(md5($pass)))                            | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   4500 | sha1(sha1($pass))                                | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
    130 | sha1(utf16le($pass).$salt)                       | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1410 | sha256($pass.$salt)                              | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1420 | sha256($salt.$pass)                              | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
  22300 | sha256($salt.$pass.$salt)                        | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1440 | sha256($salt.utf16le($pass))                     | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
  20800 | sha256(md5($pass))                               | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
  20710 | sha256(sha256($pass).$salt)                      | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1430 | sha256(utf16le($pass).$salt)                     | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1710 | sha512($pass.$salt)                              | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1720 | sha512($salt.$pass)                              | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1740 | sha512($salt.utf16le($pass))                     | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
   1730 | sha512(utf16le($pass).$salt)                     | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
  19500 | Ruby on Rails Restful-Authentication             | Raw Hash, Salted and/or Iterated
     50 | HMAC-MD5 (key = $pass)                           | Raw Hash, Authenticated
     60 | HMAC-MD5 (key = $salt)                           | Raw Hash, Authenticated
    150 | HMAC-SHA1 (key = $pass)                          | Raw Hash, Authenticated
    160 | HMAC-SHA1 (key = $salt)                          | Raw Hash, Authenticated
   1450 | HMAC-SHA256 (key = $pass)                        | Raw Hash, Authenticated
   1460 | HMAC-SHA256 (key = $salt)                        | Raw Hash, Authenticated
   1750 | HMAC-SHA512 (key = $pass)                        | Raw Hash, Authenticated
   1760 | HMAC-SHA512 (key = $salt)                        | Raw Hash, Authenticated
  11750 | HMAC-Streebog-256 (key = $pass), big-endian      | Raw Hash, Authenticated
  11760 | HMAC-Streebog-256 (key = $salt), big-endian      | Raw Hash, Authenticated
  11850 | HMAC-Streebog-512 (key = $pass), big-endian      | Raw Hash, Authenticated
  11860 | HMAC-Streebog-512 (key = $salt), big-endian      | Raw Hash, Authenticated
  11500 | CRC32                                            | Raw Checksum
  14100 | 3DES (PT = $salt, key = $pass)                   | Raw Cipher, Known-Plaintext attack
  14000 | DES (PT = $salt, key = $pass)                    | Raw Cipher, Known-Plaintext attack
  15400 | ChaCha20                                         | Raw Cipher, Known-Plaintext attack
  14900 | Skip32 (PT = $salt, key = $pass)                 | Raw Cipher, Known-Plaintext attack
  11900 | PBKDF2-HMAC-MD5                                  | Generic KDF
  12000 | PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA1                                 | Generic KDF
  10900 | PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256                               | Generic KDF
  12100 | PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA512                               | Generic KDF
   8900 | scrypt                                           | Generic KDF
    400 | phpass                                           | Generic KDF
  16900 | Ansible Vault                                    | Generic KDF
  12001 | Atlassian (PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA1)                     | Generic KDF
  20200 | Python passlib pbkdf2-sha512                     | Generic KDF
  20300 | Python passlib pbkdf2-sha256                     | Generic KDF
  20400 | Python passlib pbkdf2-sha1                       | Generic KDF
  16100 | TACACS+                                          | Network Protocols
  11400 | SIP digest authentication (MD5)                  | Network Protocols
   5300 | IKE-PSK MD5                                      | Network Protocols
   5400 | IKE-PSK SHA1                                     | Network Protocols
   2500 | WPA-EAPOL-PBKDF2                                 | Network Protocols
   2501 | WPA-EAPOL-PMK                                    | Network Protocols
  22000 | WPA-PBKDF2-PMKID+EAPOL                           | Network Protocols
  22001 | WPA-PMK-PMKID+EAPOL                              | Network Protocols
  16800 | WPA-PMKID-PBKDF2                                 | Network Protocols
  16801 | WPA-PMKID-PMK                                    | Network Protocols
   7300 | IPMI2 RAKP HMAC-SHA1                             | Network Protocols
  10200 | CRAM-MD5                                         | Network Protocols
   4800 | iSCSI CHAP authentication, MD5(CHAP)             | Network Protocols
  16500 | JWT (JSON Web Token)                             | Network Protocols
  22600 | Telegram Desktop App Passcode (PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA1) | Network Protocols
  22301 | Telegram Mobile App Passcode (SHA256)            | Network Protocols
   7500 | Kerberos 5, etype 23, AS-REQ Pre-Auth            | Network Protocols
  13100 | Kerberos 5, etype 23, TGS-REP                    | Network Protocols
  18200 | Kerberos 5, etype 23, AS-REP                     | Network Protocols
  19600 | Kerberos 5, etype 17, TGS-REP                    | Network Protocols
  19700 | Kerberos 5, etype 18, TGS-REP                    | Network Protocols
  19800 | Kerberos 5, etype 17, Pre-Auth                   | Network Protocols
  19900 | Kerberos 5, etype 18, Pre-Auth                   | Network Protocols
   5500 | NetNTLMv1 / NetNTLMv1+ESS                        | Network Protocols
   5600 | NetNTLMv2                                        | Network Protocols
     23 | Skype                                            | Network Protocols
  11100 | PostgreSQL CRAM (MD5)                            | Network Protocols
  11200 | MySQL CRAM (SHA1)                                | Network Protocols
   8500 | RACF                                             | Operating System
   6300 | AIX {smd5}                                       | Operating System
   6700 | AIX {ssha1}                                      | Operating System
   6400 | AIX {ssha256}                                    | Operating System
   6500 | AIX {ssha512}                                    | Operating System
   3000 | LM                                               | Operating System
  19000 | QNX /etc/shadow (MD5)                            | Operating System
  19100 | QNX /etc/shadow (SHA256)                         | Operating System
  19200 | QNX /etc/shadow (SHA512)                         | Operating System
  15300 | DPAPI masterkey file v1                          | Operating System
  15900 | DPAPI masterkey file v2                          | Operating System
   7200 | GRUB 2                                           | Operating System
  12800 | MS-AzureSync PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256                  | Operating System
  12400 | BSDi Crypt, Extended DES                         | Operating System
   1000 | NTLM                                             | Operating System
    122 | macOS v10.4, macOS v10.5, MacOS v10.6            | Operating System
   1722 | macOS v10.7                                      | Operating System
   7100 | macOS v10.8+ (PBKDF2-SHA512)                     | Operating System
   9900 | Radmin2                                          | Operating System
   5800 | Samsung Android Password/PIN                     | Operating System
   3200 | bcrypt $2*$, Blowfish (Unix)                     | Operating System
    500 | md5crypt, MD5 (Unix), Cisco-IOS $1$ (MD5)        | Operating System
   1500 | descrypt, DES (Unix), Traditional DES            | Operating System
   7400 | sha256crypt $5$, SHA256 (Unix)                   | Operating System
   1800 | sha512crypt $6$, SHA512 (Unix)                   | Operating System
  13800 | Windows Phone 8+ PIN/password                    | Operating System
   2410 | Cisco-ASA MD5                                    | Operating System
   9200 | Cisco-IOS $8$ (PBKDF2-SHA256)                    | Operating System
   9300 | Cisco-IOS $9$ (scrypt)                           | Operating System
   5700 | Cisco-IOS type 4 (SHA256)                        | Operating System
   2400 | Cisco-PIX MD5                                    | Operating System
   8100 | Citrix NetScaler (SHA1)                          | Operating System
  22200 | Citrix NetScaler (SHA512)                        | Operating System
   1100 | Domain Cached Credentials (DCC), MS Cache        | Operating System
   2100 | Domain Cached Credentials 2 (DCC2), MS Cache 2   | Operating System
   7000 | FortiGate (FortiOS)                              | Operating System
    125 | ArubaOS                                          | Operating System
    501 | Juniper IVE                                      | Operating System
     22 | Juniper NetScreen/SSG (ScreenOS)                 | Operating System
  15100 | Juniper/NetBSD sha1crypt                         | Operating System
    131 | MSSQL (2000)                                     | Database Server
    132 | MSSQL (2005)                                     | Database Server
   1731 | MSSQL (2012, 2014)                               | Database Server
     12 | PostgreSQL                                       | Database Server
   3100 | Oracle H: Type (Oracle 7+)                       | Database Server
    112 | Oracle S: Type (Oracle 11+)                      | Database Server
  12300 | Oracle T: Type (Oracle 12+)                      | Database Server
   7401 | MySQL $A$ (sha256crypt)                          | Database Server
    200 | MySQL323                                         | Database Server
    300 | MySQL4.1/MySQL5                                  | Database Server
   8000 | Sybase ASE                                       | Database Server
   1421 | hMailServer                                      | FTP, HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
   8300 | DNSSEC (NSEC3)                                   | FTP, HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
  16400 | CRAM-MD5 Dovecot                                 | FTP, HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
   1411 | SSHA-256(Base64), LDAP {SSHA256}                 | FTP, HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
   1711 | SSHA-512(Base64), LDAP {SSHA512}                 | FTP, HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
  10901 | RedHat 389-DS LDAP (PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256)          | FTP, HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
  15000 | FileZilla Server >= 0.9.55                       | FTP, HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
  12600 | ColdFusion 10+                                   | FTP, HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
   1600 | Apache $apr1$ MD5, md5apr1, MD5 (APR)            | FTP, HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
    141 | Episerver 6.x < .NET 4                           | FTP, HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
   1441 | Episerver 6.x >= .NET 4                          | FTP, HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
    101 | nsldap, SHA-1(Base64), Netscape LDAP SHA         | FTP, HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
    111 | nsldaps, SSHA-1(Base64), Netscape LDAP SSHA      | FTP, HTTP, SMTP, LDAP Server
   7700 | SAP CODVN B (BCODE)                              | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
   7701 | SAP CODVN B (BCODE) from RFC_READ_TABLE          | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
   7800 | SAP CODVN F/G (PASSCODE)                         | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
   7801 | SAP CODVN F/G (PASSCODE) from RFC_READ_TABLE     | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
  10300 | SAP CODVN H (PWDSALTEDHASH) iSSHA-1              | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
    133 | PeopleSoft                                       | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
  13500 | PeopleSoft PS_TOKEN                              | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
  21500 | SolarWinds Orion                                 | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
   8600 | Lotus Notes/Domino 5                             | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
   8700 | Lotus Notes/Domino 6                             | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
   9100 | Lotus Notes/Domino 8                             | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
  20600 | Oracle Transportation Management (SHA256)        | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
   4711 | Huawei sha1(md5($pass).$salt)                    | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
  20711 | AuthMe sha256                                    | Enterprise Application Software (EAS)
  12200 | eCryptfs                                         | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  22400 | AES Crypt (SHA256)                               | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  14600 | LUKS                                             | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13711 | VeraCrypt RIPEMD160 + XTS 512 bit                | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13712 | VeraCrypt RIPEMD160 + XTS 1024 bit               | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13713 | VeraCrypt RIPEMD160 + XTS 1536 bit               | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13741 | VeraCrypt RIPEMD160 + XTS 512 bit + boot-mode    | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13742 | VeraCrypt RIPEMD160 + XTS 1024 bit + boot-mode   | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13743 | VeraCrypt RIPEMD160 + XTS 1536 bit + boot-mode   | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13751 | VeraCrypt SHA256 + XTS 512 bit                   | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13752 | VeraCrypt SHA256 + XTS 1024 bit                  | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13753 | VeraCrypt SHA256 + XTS 1536 bit                  | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13761 | VeraCrypt SHA256 + XTS 512 bit + boot-mode       | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13762 | VeraCrypt SHA256 + XTS 1024 bit + boot-mode      | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13763 | VeraCrypt SHA256 + XTS 1536 bit + boot-mode      | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13721 | VeraCrypt SHA512 + XTS 512 bit                   | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13722 | VeraCrypt SHA512 + XTS 1024 bit                  | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13723 | VeraCrypt SHA512 + XTS 1536 bit                  | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13771 | VeraCrypt Streebog-512 + XTS 512 bit             | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13772 | VeraCrypt Streebog-512 + XTS 1024 bit            | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13773 | VeraCrypt Streebog-512 + XTS 1536 bit            | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13731 | VeraCrypt Whirlpool + XTS 512 bit                | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13732 | VeraCrypt Whirlpool + XTS 1024 bit               | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  13733 | VeraCrypt Whirlpool + XTS 1536 bit               | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  16700 | FileVault 2                                      | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  20011 | DiskCryptor SHA512 + XTS 512 bit                 | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  20012 | DiskCryptor SHA512 + XTS 1024 bit                | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  20013 | DiskCryptor SHA512 + XTS 1536 bit                | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  22100 | BitLocker                                        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  12900 | Android FDE (Samsung DEK)                        | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   8800 | Android FDE <= 4.3                               | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  18300 | Apple File System (APFS)                         | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   6211 | TrueCrypt RIPEMD160 + XTS 512 bit                | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   6212 | TrueCrypt RIPEMD160 + XTS 1024 bit               | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   6213 | TrueCrypt RIPEMD160 + XTS 1536 bit               | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   6241 | TrueCrypt RIPEMD160 + XTS 512 bit + boot-mode    | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   6242 | TrueCrypt RIPEMD160 + XTS 1024 bit + boot-mode   | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   6243 | TrueCrypt RIPEMD160 + XTS 1536 bit + boot-mode   | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   6221 | TrueCrypt SHA512 + XTS 512 bit                   | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   6222 | TrueCrypt SHA512 + XTS 1024 bit                  | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   6223 | TrueCrypt SHA512 + XTS 1536 bit                  | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   6231 | TrueCrypt Whirlpool + XTS 512 bit                | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   6232 | TrueCrypt Whirlpool + XTS 1024 bit               | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
   6233 | TrueCrypt Whirlpool + XTS 1536 bit               | Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)
  10400 | PDF 1.1 - 1.3 (Acrobat 2 - 4)                    | Documents
  10410 | PDF 1.1 - 1.3 (Acrobat 2 - 4), collider #1       | Documents
  10420 | PDF 1.1 - 1.3 (Acrobat 2 - 4), collider #2       | Documents
  10500 | PDF 1.4 - 1.6 (Acrobat 5 - 8)                    | Documents
  10600 | PDF 1.7 Level 3 (Acrobat 9)                      | Documents
  10700 | PDF 1.7 Level 8 (Acrobat 10 - 11)                | Documents
   9400 | MS Office 2007                                   | Documents
   9500 | MS Office 2010                                   | Documents
   9600 | MS Office 2013                                   | Documents
   9700 | MS Office <= 2003 $0/$1, MD5 + RC4               | Documents
   9710 | MS Office <= 2003 $0/$1, MD5 + RC4, collider #1  | Documents
   9720 | MS Office <= 2003 $0/$1, MD5 + RC4, collider #2  | Documents
   9800 | MS Office <= 2003 $3/$4, SHA1 + RC4              | Documents
   9810 | MS Office <= 2003 $3, SHA1 + RC4, collider #1    | Documents
   9820 | MS Office <= 2003 $3, SHA1 + RC4, collider #2    | Documents
  18400 | Open Document Format (ODF) 1.2 (SHA-256, AES)    | Documents
  18600 | Open Document Format (ODF) 1.1 (SHA-1, Blowfish) | Documents
  16200 | Apple Secure Notes                               | Documents
  15500 | JKS Java Key Store Private Keys (SHA1)           | Password Managers
   6600 | 1Password, agilekeychain                         | Password Managers
   8200 | 1Password, cloudkeychain                         | Password Managers
   9000 | Password Safe v2                                 | Password Managers
   5200 | Password Safe v3                                 | Password Managers
   6800 | LastPass + LastPass sniffed                      | Password Managers
  13400 | KeePass 1 (AES/Twofish) and KeePass 2 (AES)      | Password Managers
  11300 | Bitcoin/Litecoin wallet.dat                      | Password Managers
  16600 | Electrum Wallet (Salt-Type 1-3)                  | Password Managers
  21700 | Electrum Wallet (Salt-Type 4)                    | Password Managers
  21800 | Electrum Wallet (Salt-Type 5)                    | Password Managers
  12700 | Blockchain, My Wallet                            | Password Managers
  15200 | Blockchain, My Wallet, V2                        | Password Managers
  18800 | Blockchain, My Wallet, Second Password (SHA256)  | Password Managers
  16300 | Ethereum Pre-Sale Wallet, PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256     | Password Managers
  15600 | Ethereum Wallet, PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256              | Password Managers
  15700 | Ethereum Wallet, SCRYPT                          | Password Managers
  22500 | MultiBit Classic .key (MD5)                      | Password Managers
  22700 | MultiBit HD (scrypt)                             | Password Managers
  11600 | 7-Zip                                            | Archives
  12500 | RAR3-hp                                          | Archives
  13000 | RAR5                                             | Archives
  17200 | PKZIP (Compressed)                               | Archives
  17220 | PKZIP (Compressed Multi-File)                    | Archives
  17225 | PKZIP (Mixed Multi-File)                         | Archives
  17230 | PKZIP (Mixed Multi-File Checksum-Only)           | Archives
  17210 | PKZIP (Uncompressed)                             | Archives
  20500 | PKZIP Master Key                                 | Archives
  20510 | PKZIP Master Key (6 byte optimization)           | Archives
  14700 | iTunes backup < 10.0                             | Archives
  14800 | iTunes backup >= 10.0                            | Archives
  23001 | SecureZIP AES-128                                | Archives
  23002 | SecureZIP AES-192                                | Archives
  23003 | SecureZIP AES-256                                | Archives
  13600 | WinZip                                           | Archives
  18900 | Android Backup                                   | Archives
  13200 | AxCrypt                                          | Archives
  13300 | AxCrypt in-memory SHA1                           | Archives
   8400 | WBB3 (Woltlab Burning Board)                     | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
   2611 | vBulletin < v3.8.5                               | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
   2711 | vBulletin >= v3.8.5                              | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
   2612 | PHPS                                             | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
    121 | SMF (Simple Machines Forum) > v1.1               | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
   3711 | MediaWiki B type                                 | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
   4521 | Redmine                                          | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
     11 | Joomla < 2.5.18                                  | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
  13900 | OpenCart                                         | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
  11000 | PrestaShop                                       | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
  16000 | Tripcode                                         | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
   7900 | Drupal7                                          | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
     21 | osCommerce, xt:Commerce                          | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
   4522 | PunBB                                            | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
   2811 | MyBB 1.2+, IPB2+ (Invision Power Board)          | Forums, CMS, E-Commerce
  18100 | TOTP (HMAC-SHA1)                                 | One-Time Passwords
   2000 | STDOUT                                           | Plaintext
  99999 | Plaintext                                        | Plaintext
  21600 | Web2py pbkdf2-sha512                             | Framework
  10000 | Django (PBKDF2-SHA256)                           | Framework
    124 | Django (SHA-1)                                   | Framework

- [ Brain Client Features ] -

  # | Features
 ===+========
  1 | Send hashed passwords
  2 | Send attack positions
  3 | Send hashed passwords and attack positions

- [ Outfile Formats ] -

  # | Format
 ===+========
  1 | hash[:salt]
  2 | plain
  3 | hex_plain
  4 | crack_pos
  5 | timestamp absolute
  6 | timestamp relative

- [ Rule Debugging Modes ] -

  # | Format
 ===+========
  1 | Finding-Rule
  2 | Original-Word
  3 | Original-Word:Finding-Rule
  4 | Original-Word:Finding-Rule:Processed-Word

- [ Attack Modes ] -

  # | Mode
 ===+======
  0 | Straight
  1 | Combination
  3 | Brute-force
  6 | Hybrid Wordlist + Mask
  7 | Hybrid Mask + Wordlist

- [ Built-in Charsets ] -

  ? | Charset
 ===+=========
  l | abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
  u | ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
  d | 0123456789
  h | 0123456789abcdef
  H | 0123456789ABCDEF
  s |  !"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^_`{|}~
  a | ?l?u?d?s
  b | 0x00 - 0xff

- [ OpenCL Device Types ] -

  # | Device Type
 ===+=============
  1 | CPU
  2 | GPU
  3 | FPGA, DSP, Co-Processor

- [ Workload Profiles ] -

  # | Performance | Runtime | Power Consumption | Desktop Impact
 ===+=============+=========+===================+=================
  1 | Low         |   2 ms  | Low               | Minimal
  2 | Default     |  12 ms  | Economic          | Noticeable
  3 | High        |  96 ms  | High              | Unresponsive
  4 | Nightmare   | 480 ms  | Insane            | Headless

- [ Basic Examples ] -

  Attack-          | Hash- |
  Mode             | Type  | Example command
 ==================+=======+==================================================================
  Wordlist         | $P$   | hashcat -a 0 -m 400 example400.hash example.dict
  Wordlist + Rules | MD5   | hashcat -a 0 -m 0 example0.hash example.dict -r rules/best64.rule
  Brute-Force      | MD5   | hashcat -a 3 -m 0 example0.hash ?a?a?a?a?a?a
  Combinator       | MD5   | hashcat -a 1 -m 0 example0.hash example.dict example.dict

If you still have no idea what just happened, try the following pages:

* https://hashcat.net/wiki/#howtos_videos_papers_articles_etc_in_the_wild
* https://hashcat.net/faq/

Default Values

Attribute Value Note
--hash-type 0
--attack-mode 0
--version 0
--help 0
--quiet 0
--hex-charset 0
--hex-salt 0
--hex-wordlist 0
--force 0 do NOT use this unless you are a developer
--status 0
--status-json 0
--status-timer 10
--stdin-timeout-abort 120
--machine-readable 0
--keep-guessing 0
--self-test-disable 0
--loopback 0
--markov-hcstat2 hashcat.hcstat2
--markov-disable 0
--markov-classic 0
--markov-threshold 0
--runtime 0
--session hashcat
--restore 0
--restore-disable 0
--restore-file-path
--outfile
--outfile-format 3
--outfile-autohex-disable 0
--outfile-check-timer 5
--wordlist-autohex-disable 0
--separator :
--stdout 0
--show 0
--left 0
--username 0
--remove 0
--remove-timer 60
--potfile-disable 0
--potfile-path hashcat.potfile
--encoding-from utf8
--encoding-to utf8
--debug-mode 0
--debug-file
--induction-dir hashcat.induct
--outfile-check-dir hashcat.outfiles
--logfile-disable 0
--hccapx-message-pair 0
--nonce-error-corrections 8
--keyboard-layout-mapping
--truecrypt-keyfiles
--veracrypt-keyfiles
--veracrypt-pim-start 485
--veracrypt-pim-stop 485
--benchmark 0
--benchmark-all 0
--speed-only 0
--progress-only 0
--segment-size 33554432
--bitmap-min 16
--bitmap-max 18
--cpu-affinity
--hook-threads 0
--example-hashes 0
--backend-ignore-cuda 0
--backend-ignore-opencl 0
--backend-info 0
--backend-devices default: all GPUs if available
--opencl-device-types default: GPUs if available
--optimized-kernel-enable 0
--workload-profile 2
--kernel-accel 0 default: autotune
--kernel-loops 0 default: autotune
--kernel-threads 0 default: autotune
--backend-vector-width 0 default: autotune
--spin-damp 0
--hwmon-disable 0
--hwmon-temp-abort 90
--scrypt-tmto 0 default: autotune
--skip 0
--limit 0
--keyspace 0
--rule-left :
--rule-right :
--rules-file
--generate-rules 0
--generate-rules-func-min 1
--generate-rules-func-max 4
--generate-rules-seed 0
--custom-charset1 ?l?d?u #
--custom-charset2 ?l?d #
--custom-charset3 ?l?d*!$@_ #
--custom-charset4 #
--increment 0
--increment-min 1
--increment-max PW_MAX limit depends on algo and pure/optimized mode
--slow-candidates 0
--brain-server 0
--brain-server-timer 300
--brain-client 0
--brain-client-features 2
--brain-host localhost
--brain-port 6863
--brain-password $random
--brain-session $computed
--brain-session-whitelist

Note: if you do not specify any mask while performing a mask attack (-a 3), then the following default mask is used: ?1?2?2?2?2?2?2?3?3?3?3?d?d?d?d

# Indicates all the custom charset values which only work together with the default mask (i.e. whenever no mask is specified at all). This is especially important since otherwise some users confuse ?1 (question mark and number one) with ?l (question mark and lowercase letter l) etc.

Supported attack modes

Parsing the restore-file

The .restore file format is explained here: restore

Except where otherwise noted, content on this wiki is licensed under the following license: Public Domain